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How to Install WordPress?
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Wordpress is one of the easiest and most popular free open-source content management system (CMS) based on PHP and MySQL.It powers more than 70 million websites Since! it was released in 2003 by its founders, Matt Mullenweg and Mike Little, as a fork of b2/cafelog.
On WordPress, one can easily design a website from simple blogs to online portfolios for photographers and designers, full eCommerce websites selling physical or digital goods, marketplaces, online auction sites, directories and of course corporate websites for some of the largest companies online today.
There are thousands of WordPress themes and plugins are available to make your website better than anyone, one can easily install a theme and plugin according to their needs and switch between the themes in the easiest manner which you never experienced it before.
Example of WordPress Dashboard
Installing WordPress is one of the easiest things for anyone, one can easily install WordPress only in five minutes, follow the steps for easy installation of WordPress:
Step:1- Download the most current version of WordPress Packages.
Step:2- Create a new MySQL Database for your WordPress site
Step:3- Set Up Wizard
The following steps describe how to set up WordPress locally on your system.
Step-1: Extract the downloaded WordPress folder and upload it to your web server or localhost.
Step-2: Open your browser and navigate to your WordPress file path, then you will get the first screen of the WordPress installer as shown in the following screen.
Select any language for the WordPress you want and click on Continue.
Note: You will change this language later if you want from your admin section.
Step-3: Now, you will see a screen with some items name which you need to know before further process
Step-4: Enter the information about the database.
Now after filling correct information of your database click on Submit
Step-5: Last steps is for confirmation. Click on Run the install!
Step-6: Enter administrative information, Like Site title, username, Password twice, email etc.
After successful Installation of WordPress, you will get a screen like this.
Click on Login Button!
Now! you will get an Admin Panel Screen enter the username and password correctly which you mention in administrative information.
This is the Admin Dashboard which looks after login to admin panel by entering URL http://yourdomain.com/wp-admin OR Locally http://localhost/yourwpfolder/wp-admin.
On Dashboard main screen some widget available which give you a general overview of your website likes:
At a Glance: It will show your blogís posts, pages, comments, theme, and spam.
Quick Draft: It allows instant content creation from the Dashboard.
Activity: It shows your recently published post and newest comments of our blog page.
WordPress News: It will show Every newest news from the official WordPress blog" site.
And, On the left side of WordPress dashboard different types of modules are available for customizing the websites.(Posts, media, pages, comments, appearance, plugins, users, tools, settings etc.)
You can see your WordPress already install the plugin by clicking on plugin menu in left sidebar from your WP admin panel.
Plugin part is one of the strongest and easy tools available in WordPress for adding additional functionality to your website, you can easily activate, deactivate, delete or add the plugin from option given in this, which is look like below figure:
How to Install WordPress plugin: You can install WordPress plugin easily by clicking on add new plugin button directly(from dashboard only) or manually (zip file).
Add a New Category to WordPress:
To create new categories in WordPress, you need to access the Posts -> Categories page first.
1. In the sidebar menu of the Post Panel, look for Categories.
2. At the bottom of the Category panel box, click +Add New Category.
3. Enter the name of the category in the form.
4. If appropriate, select the Parent Category for this Category.
Click Add New Category
Overview: Posts are entries that display in reverse order on your home page. Posts usually have comments fields beneath them and are included in your site's RSS feed.
Posts are always associated with a date, which is included in the URL.
If you want to Add a New Post so you should Go to Left Menu Posts ? Add New from your dashboard:
Now Follow the page Steps:
1. Enter your post title in the upper field, and enter your post body content in the main post editing box below it.
2. As needed, select a category, add tags, and make other selections from the sections below the post.
When you are ready, click Publish
Adding a WordPress Page: To get started adding a new page to your WordPress site, find the Pages menu in the WordPress Dashboard Navigation menu. Click Add new.
Title: The title of your page. You can use any words or phrases.
Page Editing Area :
The blank box where you enter your writing, links, links to images, and any information you want to display on your site. You can use either the Visual or the Text view to compose your posts.
Preview button: Allows you to view the page before officially publishing it.
Publish box: Contains buttons that control the state of your page.
Visibility: This determines how your page appears to the world. Public pages will be visible to all website visitors once published. Password Protected pages are published to all, but visitors must know the password to view the page content. Private pages are visible only to you (and to other editors or admins within your site)
Permalink: After you save your page, the Permalink below the title shows the potential URL for the page, as long as you have permalinks enabled. (To enable permalinks, go to Settings > Permalinks.)
Save: Allows you to save your page as a draft / pending review rather than immediately publishing it.
Publish: Publishes your page on the site.By default, at the time the page is first auto-saved, that will be the date and time of the page within the database.
Parent: Parent page controls how deep your page hierarchy goes.
Template: Some Themes have custom templates you can use for certain pages that might have additional features or custom layouts. If so, youíll see them in this drop-down menu.
Order: Page order to sort the list of Pages.
To add a new user, click on the Add New link in the left-hand navigation menu or the Add New button at the top of the page.
Once the above page is displayed, simply fill in the various fields and click the Add New User button.
Username Ė (mandatory) Enter the username of the new user here. This will also be used as the Login name for the user. Once saved, the Username canít be changed
Email Ė (mandatory) Enter a valid email address of the new user here. The email address must be unique for each user. If a published Post or Page is authored by this user and approved comments are made to that post or page, a notification email is sent to this email address
First Name Ė Enter the first name of the new user here
Last Name Ė Enter the last name of the new user in this text box
Website Ė You may enter the new user's website URL in this text box
Password Ė Clicking the Show password button will show you the password that has automatically been generated for the new user
Send User Notification Ė When ticked, WordPress will send your new user an email about their account
Role Ė Select the desired Role for this user from the dropdown list
WordPress will automatically generate a strong password when you create a new user. Clicking the Show password button will display the password that was generated and if you want, will also allow you to change it. The password strength indicator, shown just below the password field, must indicate at least Medium before WordPress will allow you to save the new user. It goes without saying, the stronger the password the more secure the login so itís advisable that the strength indicator shows your password as being Strong. To make a password stronger, use upper and lower case letters, numbers and symbols like ! Ē ? $ % ^ & ).
If you want to Customize WordPress Theme follow the steps. Select Appearance ? Themes from the dashboard ? Click on Customize.
On the left side of the page, you can customize your theme. Any changes you make or anything new you add is displayed on the right side of the page.
The Updates page is divided into three sections. If your version of WordPress requires updating, this will be displayed at the top of the page. Below that, youíll be notified of any plugin updates and below that again, theme updates.
Updating your WordPress version is as simple as clicking the Update Now button. WordPress will download the necessary files, perform a validation of those files and then automatically update your site.
Before updating your site, itís always wise to perform a backup first, just in case something unfortunate happens during or after the installation.
If there are any plugins that can be updated, these will be listed in the Plugins section on the page. To update your plugins, tick the boxes next to each of the plugins you wish to update and then click the Update Plugins button. The new plugin files will be downloaded and automatically installed.
If there are any themes that can be updated, these will be listed in the Themes section on the page. To update your themes, tick the boxes next to each of the themes you wish to update and then click the Update Themes button. The new theme files will be downloaded and automatically installed.
After your site has been updated, no matter whether itís been done automatically, manually or just themes and plugins, itís a good idea to give your site a quick test to make sure itís functioning as expected. This will ensure that the new themes, plugins or even WordPress itself haven't introduced new functionality that adversely affects your site or changes how your site operates.
Backing Up Your WordPress Files Manually
Your WordPress directory contains subfolders e.g. wp-content, wp-includes etc and files e.g. wp-config.php, theme and plugin files etc required by your WordPress site. The wp-content folder contains all your themes, plugins, cache and uploads among other things. You cannot afford to lose this data. The wp-admin carries all the files required by your WordPress admin area, so you canít afford to lose this as well. The wp-includes folder contains WordPress core files. This is the folder where all the major WordPress code lives. You definitely donít want to lose this code.
To create a copy of your WordPress files, you just need to download your entire WordPress directory.
Backup Your WordPress Site via cPanel. Here are the Steps:
1. Login to your web host and navigate to cPanel. For most web hosts, the cPanel is usually the first page you encounter when you log in
2. Navigate to the File Manager, which should lead you to your public_html or Home directory
From here, just locate your WordPress directory. This is the folder you want to backup
3. Click on your WordPress directory, and select Compress from the menu bar. Alternatively, right-click on the folder and choose Compress from the drop-down options menu that appears
4. Choose the compression type e.g. ZIP, Tar, GZIP etc from the dialog box that opens. I always go with a ZIP archive
5. Then just hit the Compress File(s) button and wait for the process to run its course. Your server will save your compressed WordPress folder
6. Click on the archive you just created and choose Download from the menu. Alternatively, right-click on the archive and choose Download.
7. Choose a secure location on your hard disk and save your backup
And thatís it!
WordPress Restore Process
Using phpMyAdmin, follow the steps below to restore a MySQL/MariaDB database.
Step 1: Login to phpMyAdmin.
Step 2: Click "Databases" and select the database that you will be importing your data into.
Step 3: You will then see either a list of tables already inside that database or a screen that says no tables exist. This depends on your setup.
Step 4: Across the top of the screen will be a row of tabs. Click the Import tab.
Step 5: On the next screen will be a location of text file box, and next to that a button named Browse.
Step 6: Click Browse. Locate the backup file stored on your computer.
Step 7: Make sure SQL is selected in the Format drop-down menu.
Click the Go button.